How do I view the documents covered in this guide?
Just how many are online?
1. Why make use of this guide?
Knowing of a person who received a Uk army medal or honor for the work of bravery, gallantry or even for meritorious solution between 1854 and c1990 and also you like to discover whether accurate documentation for the prize and just why it had been granted exist, this guide is likely to be of good use. Among the list of medals that are numerous honors included in the guide would be the:
For suggestions about civilian gallantry honors consult our Civilian gallantry medals guide. You can find split records for the honor of campaign medals (awarded solely for service) вЂ“ see our Uk Army campaign and solution medals guide for suggestions about finding these.
2. The records of gallantry medals and honors
2.1 Public notices
The majority of gallantry prizes to Uk nationals are publicly established within the official federal government magazine, the London Gazette. This general public statement is usually the only record that endures of a honor. Announcements additionally showed up, where appropriate, into the colonial or dominion gazettes.
2.2 suggestions and citations
A suggestion is just a complete declaration, often furnished by a commanding officer, of why a medal is granted to someone.
A citation is a short statement that is official extracted from the suggestion, of why a medal ended up being granted.
Whether an archive of the citation or a suggestion survives depends, mainly, regarding the types of honor. Sporadically citations are posted within the London Gazette however constantly during the exact same date as the statement. A citation or suggestion may survive in the sometimes solution record associated with person.
For a few medals you will find registers and listings of recipients addressing a particular war, 12 months or array of years.
3. What are documents
Learn the best place to search for documents of a medal that is particular consulting the dining table below. The next basic advice will also help you to get started:
3.1 on line records
In some instances, to look at documents you will have to find document sources and either purchase copies or check us out to see the initial papers in individual. The next documents, nonetheless, can be looked at or online that is downloaded.
3.2 fundamental search methods for finding initial papers
You should use our catalogue to find documents. Search because of the title of the medal utilising the higher level search to target the documents of this particular record divisions for every single branch associated with the armed forces, the following.
3.3 Public notices and posted citations
Generally in most instances, the place that is best to begin could be the London Gazette, available in the Gazette site, though for all medals a citation had not been posted (start to see the table below for medal-by-medal details). You are able to search the Gazette by title, solution number, book date and kind of prize. You will have to know roughly as soon as the prize had been announced or вЂgazettedвЂ™. There clearly was constantly a wait involving the gallant deed, the award that is actual of medal, and book when you look at the London Gazette. The Gazette indexes offered at The National Archives can help establish a romantic date.
3.4 tips, registers and unpublished citations
Check always published sources, like those into the further reading portion of this guide, as they may provide exact document references and additional information before you start a search for records of recommendations or citations. The table below provides links towards the record series many expected to include information about specific honors.
3.5 dining Table of record sources for gallantry medals
Go through the London Gazette links to look the Gazette by title, solution number, book type and date of award. Go through the document show sources and search by title of medal. The records that are online be searched by title of receiver.
Footnotes: (1) guidelines in AIR 2 are arranged by old Air Ministry file guide quantity, perhaps perhaps not name. Contact the Ministry of Defence whom might be able to give you the file guide.
Be aware that medals granted by the British Army weren’t granted solely to British Army soldiers вЂ“ they are often awarded to workers through the other services that are armed. Throughout the 2nd World War, for instance, some users of the Royal Air Force received British Army honors. Exactly the same will also apply to the Royal Navy and RAF, in order for, as an example, a true wide range of airmen associated with the Fleet Air Arm, a branch regarding the Royal Navy, received RAF prizes.
4. International honors to Britons and British honors to international servicemen and ladies (from 1854)
These prizes are usually established into the London Gazette beneath the heading вЂForeign OrdersвЂ™.
For draft variations of London Gazette notices 1914-1928 browse WO 388 by guide. A few of these pre-publication notices are annotated. huggle The papers in this show (WO 388) are arranged by nation. WO 388/6 to 15, including indexes in WO 388/8 to 15, can be obtained to download online (you can install the indexes cost-free).
Military honors exchanged between Uk and armies that are foreign 1946 onwards are searchable by title and honor within the tips (WO 373) online. These can consist of those maybe maybe perhaps not showing up in the London Gazette.
Some lists can be found by you of international honors within FO 83 (before 1906) and FO 372 (after 1906). Place files containing these listings utilizing the Foreign workplace communication indexes during the National Archives. It really is thought that these listings are not comprehensive.
5. Laws and policy files (from 1854)
As a whole, you can easily search our catalogue by the name that is medal its abbreviation to see if you will find any policy files. There are some series that is specific document the laws regulating the honor of medals.
For policy files on medals, see series ADM 1 rule 85, ADM 116 rule 85, AIR 1, AIR 2, HO 45 rule 30, MT 9 rule 6, T 300 and T 333 and WO 32 rule 50.
6. The manufacture and design of medals (1805-1986)
Purchases for gallantry medals (especially within the century that is 19th might be associated with information on recipients and of the action that resulted in the prize. Decide to try show MINT 16, MINT 20, MINT 24 and MINT 25. Re Re Search key words to our catalogue such as for instance вЂawardsвЂ™ or вЂdecorationsвЂ™.
7. Replacing and medals that are claiming
Contact the Ministry of Defence for campaign along with other medals granted after 1939. Medals given before 1939 can no more be changed.
8. Further reading and other resources
Online learning resources
The Ministry of DefenceвЂ™s british forces that are armed booklet, available from GOV.UK. Listings the medals awarded for service when you look at the British military, combined with a graphic for every medal.
Listings of Victoria Cross recipients announced when you look at the Gazette for the very first World War in 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 and 1919.
Look at the National ArchivesвЂ™ bookshop for a selection of available magazines about Uk armed forces gallantry medals. Most of the publications here are for sale in The nationwide ArchivesвЂ™ Library for assessment at our building in Kew.
Peter Edwards Abbott and John Michael Allen Tamplin, British Gallantry prizes (London, 1981)
Michael Maton, Honour The Recipents of international prizes (Honiton: Token Publishing 2013)
William Spencer, Army Records for Family Historians (3nd edn, The nationwide Archives, 2008)